KERANGKA EPISTEMOLOGI PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM PADA ERA DINASTI UMAYYAH – TABI’IN

Riswadi Riswadi

Abstract


Thinking tradition of Islamic law understands that society varies in attributes, characters and environment. Such diversity is apparent in certain individual behaviors which sometimes are not accepted as legal acts in modern society, but merely customs and social behaviors. Underlying considerations behind this legal thought were seriously discussed during the Umayyad dynasty. This article tries to further learn the epistemological framework of thinking during Umayyad dynasty. It is important to notes that the activity of ijtihad in the context of the law was relatively less affected by the regional wisdom but mostly complied with the action of the Prophet or the opinions of his companions. Such conditions encouraged early Islamic scholars in sharia (tabi'in during Umayyad era) to establish rules that simultaneously correlate with the purpose and fundamentals of sharia law in determining or establishing regulations and legal structures.

Keywords


Epistemologi; Islam; Umayyah

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