HADIS DAN SUNNAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF IGNAZ GOLDZIHER

Rohmansyah Rohmansyah

Abstract


Hadith and sunnah have become the main sources of Islamic teachings, explaining the verses in the Koran. Yet some orientalists, like Ignaz Goldziher makes a distinction between hadith and sunnah. This article looks at the two terms and particularly on Goldziher’s biography, his views related to the distinction between hadith and sunnah, and the implications of such views. He suggests that Sunnah is a revision of the customs that occurred at that time even though it does not cover the whole meanings. Meanwhile, according to him, hadith is the result of Islamic development in religious, political, and social fields in the span of two centuries, the first and second centuries. Hadith was not a document of Islam in the early days of its growth but new products of the Prophet Muhammad. New entities could be rejected and cannot be used as the source of Islamic law. In addition, Hadith is also the effect of Islamic power during its glory time.

Keywords


Hadis; sunnah; orientalis

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